The concept of ADHD (Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) has evolved over time, and its history can be traced back to the early 20th century when doctors first described children who exhibited impulsive behavior and difficulty paying attention. The condition has been known by various names throughout history, including "minimal brain dysfunction" and "hyperkinetic disorder."
The current diagnostic criteria and definition of ADHD can be found in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which is published by the American Psychiatric Association. According to the DSM-5, ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development.
While the exact causes of ADHD are not fully understood, research suggests that a combination of genetic, environmental, and neurological factors may contribute to its development. Effective treatments are available for ADHD, including medication, therapy, and lifestyle modifications, and seeking professional help from a healthcare provider or mental health professional is an important first step in managing the condition.