ADHD (Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with daily functioning in multiple settings, such as home, school, work, and social situations.
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5), the diagnostic criteria for ADHD include the following:
- Inattention: An individual with ADHD may have difficulty sustaining attention, may not listen when spoken to directly, may have difficulty organizing tasks and activities, may avoid tasks that require sustained mental effort, may lose things necessary for tasks or activities, and may be easily distracted by external stimuli.
- Hyperactivity: An individual with ADHD may have difficulty sitting still, may fidget or squirm, may run or climb excessively, and may have difficulty playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly.
- Impulsivity: An individual with ADHD may act before thinking, may interrupt others, may have difficulty waiting for their turn, and may engage in risk-taking behaviors without considering the consequences.
To receive a diagnosis of ADHD, an individual must have symptoms that persist for at least six months and cause significant impairment in multiple areas of their life. The symptoms must also be inconsistent with the individual's developmental level and not be better explained by another mental disorder.
It's important to note that ADHD is a treatable condition, and individuals with ADHD can benefit from appropriate treatment and support. If you suspect that you or someone you know may have ADHD, it's recommended to seek guidance from a qualified healthcare professional to receive an accurate diagnosis and develop an appropriate treatment plan.